We use approximately 10 different sustainably-produced raw materials each year to produce our renewable products at our renewables refineries in Finland, the Netherlands and Singapore. Proportions of individual raw materials in Neste's refining vary from year to year, depending on their availability, price, and specific market requirements, for example.
An extensive portfolio of globally-sourced raw materials provides flexibility, as it allows us to respond to the needs of different markets and customers. Neste's proprietary NEXBTL technology enables the use of a wide variety renewable fats and oils in the production of renewable products. Our renewable products are always of premium quality, regardless of the raw materials we use in their production.
We are constantly looking into diversifying our portfolio with new raw materials. Replacing fossil oil with renewable and recycled raw materials helps reduce crude oil dependency, greenhouse gas emissions and combat climate change.
Waste and residue raw materials at center stage
Neste is working on growing the share of waste and residues towards 100% of the company’s total renewable raw material inputs by 2025. They currently account for over 80% of our annual renewable raw material inputs. In the mid- to longer term, Neste expects to introduce, e.g. novel vegetable oils derived from advanced, more sustainable agricultural concepts to its raw material portfolio.
All our refineries producing renewables are technically capable of running on 100% waste and residue raw materials. We reached this capability already in 2015.
Waste and residues in Neste's raw material portfolio:
- used cooking oil
- animal fat from food industry waste
- vegetable oil processing waste and residues (e.g., palm fatty acid distillate, spent bleaching earth oil, palm effluent sludge)
- fish fat from fish processing waste
- technical corn oil (a residue from ethanol production)
No matter which raw materials from our extensive portfolio are used, our renewable products enable significant greenhouse gas emission reductions over their life cycle when replacing the use of fossil alternatives. For example, Neste MY Renewable Diesel produced from any of our renewable raw materials offers 50–90% smaller greenhouse gas emissions over the fuel’s life cycle compared to emissions from fossil diesel use. The smallest carbon footprint, and an emission reduction of 85 to 90% compared to fossil diesel, is achieved when fuel produced 100% from wastes and residues is used.
Use of conventional vegetable oils reduced
Due to preferences in specific markets, we currently use also sustainably-produced vegetable oils, such as 100% certified and traceable palm oil in the production of renewables. Neste’s use of conventional vegetable oils is expected to be decreased by 2025 due to customers’ preferences and regulatory trends.
Vegetable oils in Neste’s raw material portfolio:
- palm oil
- rapeseed oil
- soybean oil
- jatropha oil (limited use in a project)
- camelina oil (limited use in a project)
In the mid- to longer term we aim to introduce novel vegetable oils (NVO) from advanced agricultural concepts to our raw material portfolio. The key sustainability benefit provided by these advanced agricultural concepts is that cultivation of crops provides additional yields from degraded or pre-existing agricultural land.
Sustainability is key
We accept only sustainably-produced raw materials from carefully selected suppliers. All Neste’s products, and the raw materials we use in their production, always meet the legal sustainability requirements set by local authorities in our markets. Our suppliers' commitment to sustainability, protecting biodiversity, and respecting human rights are absolute requirements that must be met before any contract is signed.
Over the past few years, we have been strengthening our local presence in the regions where we source raw materials. It provides us with better visibility into the supply chain, enables closer engagement with our suppliers, and provides us with more control to ensure high level sustainability performance.